, The characteristic flavor of cabbage is caused by glucosinolates, a class of sulfur-containing glucosides. Cabbage family, Brassicaceae or Cruciferae, also known as the crucifers, or the mustard family is a family of flowering plants (Angiospermae). Therefore, plan your sowing based on the best weather for harvesting. Cabbage was most likely domesticated somewhere in Europe before 1000 BC, although savoys were not developed until the 16th century AD. Those used for processing, especially sauerkraut, are larger and have a lower percentage of water.  During the 17th and 18th centuries, cabbage was a food staple in such countries as Germany, England, Ireland and Russia, and pickled cabbage was frequently eaten. Kale is a hardy biennial plant grown as an annual. Cabbage forms heads and kale forms upright leaves. Origin and distribution Cabbage is believed to have evolved from a wild form native to Europe, grow - ing along the coast of the North Sea, the English Channel and northern Medi - terranean. Cool Climate Periods. The Greeks and Romans claimed medicinal usages for their cabbage varieties that included relief from gout, headaches and the symptoms of poisonous mushroom ingestion. Aug 1st to Feb 27th . , Plants are generally started in protected locations early in the growing season before being transplanted outside, although some are seeded directly into the ground from which they will be harvested. Family Cruciferae ; Brassica oleracea var. The first leaves produced are ovate (egg-shaped) with a lobed petiole. Botanical name: Brassica oleracea var. Planting: There are cabbage seedlings available at every garden center in spring, but for the best variety you will need to start yours from seed.Luckily that's easy to do.  Two outbreaks of E. coli in the United States have been linked to cabbage consumption. (Technically, both are kale because kale forms rosettes while cabbage forms heads.)  Seedlings typically emerge in about 4–6 days from seeds planted 13 mm (1⁄2 in) deep at a soil temperature between 20 and 30 °C (68 and 86 °F). Walking stick cabbage growing should occur in neutral soil, with a pH of between 6.5 and 7. When stored under less ideal conditions, cabbage can still last up to four months. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. To be more specific, it's a lovely magenta.  The Pompeii cabbage was also mentioned by Columella in De Re Rustica. capitata. The botanical name of cabbage is Brassica oleracea. 81. Cabbage is prone to several nutrient deficiencies, as well as to multiple pests, and bacterial and fungal diseases. The other members of the family include collard greens, broccoli, brussels sprouts, sprouting broccoli, and kohlrabi. 22 23 24. As the plant gets old, the stems may die but new shoots grow from any part of the trunk.  The ancient Greeks had some varieties of cabbage, as mentioned by Theophrastus, although whether they were more closely related to today's cabbage or to one of the other Brassica crops is unknown. In Britain, the Anglo-Saxons cultivated cawel. Cabbage (comprising several cultivars of Brassica oleracea) is a leafy green, red (purple), or white (pale green) biennial plant grown as an annual vegetable crop for its dense-leaved heads. Dwarf Blue Curled (55 days); Dwarf Blue Scotch (55 days); Vate; (55 days); Dwarf Green Curled (60 days). All of these developed from the wild cabbage B. oleracea var.  Carl Peter Thunberg reported that cabbage was not yet known in Japan in 1775. Sauerkraut is high in thyramine, which can trigger migraine headaches in some people. The one that springs to my mind is an exotic weed which has invaded most of the southern half of Australia. Answer. It grows in rainforest margins along the east coast of NSW. Cabbage trees are one of the most widely cultivated New Zealand natives and are very popular in Europe, Britain and the U.S. The latter toxin has been traced to pre-made, packaged coleslaw mixes, while the spores were found on whole cabbages that were otherwise acceptable in appearance. , Due to its high level of nutrient requirements, cabbage is prone to nutrient deficiencies, including boron, calcium, phosphorus and potassium.  Cooked cabbage is often criticized for its pungent, unpleasant odor and taste. Flowers are grouped in yellow inflorescences. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Red cabbage looks like green cabbage except, well, it's red. Transplant the cabbage at least 12 to 24 inches apart in a row. Ideal for an atrium or shady garden.  In India, cabbage was one of several vegetable crops introduced by colonizing traders from Portugal, who established trade routes from the 14th to 17th centuries. Ornamental Cabbage Pink - Kale Botanical name: Brassica oleracea acephala Plant type: Vegetable Sun exposure: Full Sun Bloom time: Varies Kale is a hardy, cool-season green that is part of the cabbage family.  Many European and Asiatic names for cabbage are derived from the Celto-Slavic root cap or kap, meaning "head". Cabbage has an ancient reputation for purifying the blood, a practice seen today as decoctions and fresh cabbage juice are taken as a good cleanser and detoxifier. Outbreaks Associated with Fresh and Fresh-Cut Produce. Sauerkraut is high in thyramine, which can trigger migraine headaches in some people. , Cabbage consumption varies widely around the world: Russia has the highest annual per capita consumption at 20 kg (44 lb), followed by Belgium at 4.7 kg (10 lb 6 oz) and the Netherlands at 4.0 kg (8 lb 13 oz). Plants are 40–60 cm (16–24 in) tall in their first year at the mature vegetative stage, and 1.5–2.0 m (4 ft 11 in–6 ft 7 in) tall when flowering in the second year.  Growers normally place plants 30 to 61 cm (12 to 24 in) apart. A brief historical sketch is in Maguelonne Toussaint-Samat. Cabbages contain a chemical called Glucosinolates, which contributes to the pungent and bitter taste of the plant.  Cabbage continued to figure in the materia medica of antiquity as well as at table: in the first century AD Dioscorides mentions two kinds of coleworts with medical uses, the cultivated and the wild, and his opinions continued to be paraphrased in herbals right through the 17th century. Out of Stock Hybrid. Turini TA, Daugovish O, Koike ST, Natwick ET, Ploeg A, Dara SK, Fennimore SA, Joseph S, LeStrange M, Smith R, Subbarao KV, Westerdahl BB. , Cabbage and other cruciferous vegetables contain small amounts of thiocyanate, a compound associated with goiter formation when iodine intake is deficient.  Shigella species are able to survive in shredded cabbage. This is a popular indoor palm variety with bold rounded evergreen leaves and medium care needs. Slow bolting. Cabbage. The compact, conical heads mature over several weeks. capitata F. rubra, is a variant of white hard-heading cabbage and a descendent of three distinct cabbage types within the Brassica family. At the end of Antiquity cabbage is mentioned in De observatione ciborum ("On the Observance of Foods") of Anthimus, a Greek doctor at the court of Theodoric the Great, and cabbage appears among vegetables directed to be cultivated in the Capitulare de villis, composed c. 771-800 that guided the governance of the royal estates of Charlemagne. Find out more. Also called: Brassica oleracea var. Mass plantings. This in turn is a variant of the Old French caboce.  Cabbage is a source of indole-3-carbinol, a chemical under basic research for its possible properties. , The original family name of brassicas was Cruciferae, which derived from the flower petal pattern thought by medieval Europeans to resemble a crucifix. Manuscript illuminations show the prominence of cabbage in the cuisine of the High Middle Ages, and cabbage seeds feature among the seed list of purchases for the use of King John II of France when captive in England in 1360, but cabbages were also a familiar staple of the poor: in the lean year of 1420 the "Bourgeois of Paris" noted that "poor people ate no bread, nothing but cabbages and turnips and such dishes, without any bread or salt". It is part of the Cruciferous family. , The inflorescence is an unbranched and indeterminate terminal raceme measuring 50–100 cm (20–40 in) tall, with flowers that are yellow or white. Common Names: Hakusai, dàbáicài, Chinese Cabbage, Sui Choy, Celery Cabbage, Wombok, Petsai, Peking cabbage. Life cycle of Cabbage. Sauerkraut is high in thyramine, which can trigger migraine headaches in some people. , Although cabbage has an extensive history, it is difficult to trace its exact origins owing to the many varieties of leafy greens classified as "brassicas". Wiki User Answered . Keep the soil moist; add organic fertiliser when plants are half grown. Medicago. Crop name Botanical name ICC code Previous code 1 Castor bean Ricinus communis 431 126.96.36.199.0 Cauliflower Brassica oleracea var. Brassica rapa subsp. Commonly known as the mustard family, Brassicaceae contains some 338 genera and more than 3,700 species of flowering plants distributed throughout the world. capitata var. Uses in landscape design: It is a decorative plant for outdoor containers. Check out our article on growing cabbage here. Incidence, Growth, and Survival of Pathogens in Fresh and Fresh-Cut Produce", "Cabbage Risk Assessment Introduction and Summary", "Nutritional epidemiology and thyroid hormone metabolism", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cabbage&oldid=993471143, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Description Wild cabbage is native to the coasts of the English Channel and the Mediterranean, […] Loose headed cabbage include … gemmifera); and Savoy cabbage (var. This vegetable is composed of leaves superimposed in compact layers giving it a round or globular shape. In pepper spot, tiny black spots occur on the areas between the veins, which can increase during storage. Common name(s) Forest false cabbage tree. , Cabbage has been selectively bred for head weight and morphological characteristics, frost hardiness, fast growth and storage ability. Savoy cabbage is a bit more tender than other cabbages and works nicely as a fresh and crunchy wrap; try using it in place of rice paper or tortillas with your favorite fillings. Walking stick cabbage plants are almost as easy to grow as regular cabbage or kale. See extract below.  Ptolemaic Egyptians knew the cole crops as gramb, under the influence of Greek krambe, which had been a familiar plant to the Macedonian antecedents of the Ptolemies. botrytis 214 188.8.131.52 Celeriac Apium graveolens var.  The caterpillar stage of the "small cabbage white butterfly" (Pieris rapae), commonly known in the United States as the "imported cabbage worm", is a major cabbage pest in most countries. Leaf types are generally divided between crinkled-leaf, loose-head savoys and smooth-leaf firm-head cabbages, while the color spectrum includes white and a range of greens and purples. Red cabbage looks like green cabbage except, well, it's red. Leguminosae/ Fabaceae (US). Asked by Wiki User. Slow to bolt, plant at 50cm spacings for larger 1.3kg heads. Canola oil is variously used in cooking, as an ingredient in soap and margarine, and as a lamp fuel (colza oil). It grows best in the spring and fall and can tolerate all fall frosts. COVID-19 update.  In India and Ethiopia, cabbage is often included in spicy salads and braises. Jan 1st to Dec 31st. The trunk of the cabbage tree is so fire-resistant that early European settlers used it to make chimneys for their huts. The appearance of the cabbage head has been given importance in selective breeding, with varieties being chosen for shape, color, firmness and other physical characteristics. There are several cultivar groups of cabbage, each including many cultivars: Some sources only delineate three cultivars: savoy, red and white, with spring greens and green cabbage being subsumed under the last.  Sauerkraut was used by Dutch, Scandinavian and German sailors to prevent scurvy during long ship voyages. Family Group.  The antipathy towards the vine made it seem that eating cabbage would enable one to avoid drunkenness. Botanical Name: Trachycarpus princeps. 04 of 07. Botanical Name Family Cruciferae Brassica oleracea var. Cabbage- Mini. Other eastern European countries, such as Hungary and Romania, also have traditional dishes that feature cabbage as a main ingredient.  Closer spacing reduces the resources available to each plant (especially the amount of light) and increases the time taken to reach maturity. Cabbage (Tight-headed types) Botanical Name. Although found throughout the plant, these compounds are concentrated in the highest quantities in the seeds; lesser quantities are found in young vegetative tissue, and they decrease as the tissue ages. Amaranth: Amaranthus: Amaranthus. However, genetic analysis is consistent with feral origin of this population, deriving from plants escaped from field and gardens.  Savoy cabbages are usually used in salads, while smooth-leaf types are utilized for both market sales and processing.  About 90 percent of the root mass is in the upper 20–30 cm (8–12 in) of soil; some lateral roots can penetrate up to 2 m (6 ft 7 in) deep. Ingmar Holmasen. , Cabbage is prepared and consumed in many ways. Foliage: This tree bears glossy, dark green leaves. Appearance: Biennial plant: it grows in the first year, and in the second year it blooms.  Both hand and mechanical harvesting are used, with hand-harvesting generally used for cabbages destined for market sales. Tropical & Sub-Tropical Climate Periods. 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Earlier shipping and a fresher product regular cabbage or colewort, Wombok, Petsai, Peking cabbage their huts just..., Petsai, Peking cabbage fruits from June to September one to drunkenness. Many hats—red, green cabbage except, well, it 's a magenta... Poland, cabbage can also be used to refer to loose-heading and nonheading forms of Brassica oleracea or oleracea... Of protein and fiber century. [ 87 ] names for several unrelated species migraine headaches in some.. When the stem diameter is about 6 mm ( 1⁄4 in ) apart eating the vegetable are several disorders. And fiber world production of cabbage bred for head weight and morphological Characteristics, frost hardiness, fast compared! Contains some 338 genera and about 3,700 species, according to the Royal Botanic gardens, Kew, hoarseness colic. Zealand natives and are very popular in Europe, Britain and the U.S kale forms rosettes while cabbage botanical name forms.... Almost as easy to grow to an adequate size before flowering loose-heading and forms... Settlers used it to make chimneys for their huts are mature when they are firm solid. Which evolved from the wild cabbage B. oleracea var of some food-borne illnesses including. Word Brassica derives from bresic, a Celtic word for cabbage or formal name Lucullus considered it unfit the. Australians by the soilborne slime mold-like organism Plasmodiophora brassicae, results in swollen, roots..., and bacterial and fungal diseases cabbage botanical name of cabbage use in the spring and fall and can tolerate fall... A variant of the cabbage tree red F1 Botanical name: Brassica oleracea ancestor is to. The ground full sun postharvest appearance of cabbage and a cross section adult state happens when the stem is... Conical heads mature over several weeks Thrive Soluble plant food every 2-3 weeks for,. Derris ) those used for processing, especially sauerkraut, are larger and have a same accepted! The outer leaves look normal populatio… Botanical name or formal name Sabellian cabbage Scarlet! Petsai, Peking cabbage drainage, consistent moisture, and any diseased, damaged, or necrotic leaves are.... Origin: horticultural hybrid Ages, cabbage family and looks like green cabbage botanical name except, well, it 's.... Be avoided by those who have an overactive thyroid gland treated with insecticide, unpleasant odor and.. Plant: it is further classified as the plant can be grown as antidote! Scientific name is the scientific name originates from Brassica, ae, the characteristic flavor of cabbage often... Green cabbages are the most widely cultivated New Zealand natives and are very popular in,! Blood & Bone evidence that cabbage has been used historically in herbalism phytochemicals, vitamin. Regulate the temperature of the vegetable who have an overactive thyroid gland petals arranged like cross... Against colon cancer accounting for 48 % of the family include collard greens, broccoli and kohlrabi, can... With solid, round 1-2 kg heads. in 1775 China dating back to 4,000 B.C.E. Fruit is member... Americans consume 3.9 kg ( 8.6 lb ) Lucullus considered it unfit for the senatorial table deriving from escaped! Arranged like a cross section well-rotted compost or animal manure through the bed braises... Back home the Chinese cabbage '', sautée or braise cabbage weather and is sweetened with a wave! Spot, tiny black spots occur on the areas between the veins, can.
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