Twigs used as chewing sticks, forerunners of the toothpick. American and Asian varieties don’t offer the same medicinal benefits and more safety hazards, so check the variety of Dogwood before buying an herbal supplement. Twigs. Fruits. Special Occasions for the Dogwood Flowers ---Medicinal Action and Uses---Before Europeans discovered America, the Red Indianswere using the bark in the same way as Peruvian bark. According to Albert Constantine Jr. in the book Know Your Woods, essence of dogwood is still used in whiskey as a Southern "home remedy." Traditional use of medicinal plants in the boreal forest of Canada: review and perspectives. Berries soaked in brandy for heart burn and upset stomach. Common Uses: Golf club heads, textile shuttles, bows (archery), mallets, pulleys, and turned objects. This ancient herbal knowledge is still being used by many doctors for curing health issues. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 8: 7. Flowering dogwood is recognized by most people for its spring floral display that can be white or pink. More than 50 different species of birds feed on the bright red berries of the flowering dogwood, making it a very important wildlife tree. The genus Cornus consists of about 30-60 species throughout temperate zones of the world (depending on who you ask) of small trees and shrubs. In turn, these seed-eating birds help spread the flowering dogwood across the landscape. That from the root is the best. Backus Woods Addition, Southern Norfolk Sand Plain, ON (Photo by NCC), Flowering dogwood (Photo by Bernt Solymar). Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Twigs Flowering Dogwood blooms (Photo by Bernt Solymar). Externally, poulticed onto external ulcers and sores. Description.—The bark of the stem, branches, and roots, is the medicinal part. The showy part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers. Berries soaked in brandy for heart burn and upset stomach. An ounce of this concoction was administered to patients three times a day as a tonic and fever reducer. Uses Ethnobotanic: Flowering dogwood root bark was used by Native Americans as a fever reducer, skin astringent, an antidiarrheal agent, and as a pain reliever for headaches, sores, and muscle inflammations. It is a common understory tree in wooded areas throughout the state. Root-bark tea or tincture widely used for malaria and diarrhea throughout South during the Civil War. Twigs chewed for cleaning teeth. Flowering dogwood trees have long been used for many different medical treatments, making this a perfect medicinal plant. donors@natureconservancy.ca Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. When the seed is removed and the flesh is ... Other uses of the herb: Propagation of Flowering Dogwood: Cultivation of the herb: Known hazards of Cornus florida: It was sometimes used as a substitute when Peruvian bark could not be obtained. It is said that the berries, boiled and pressed, yield a limpid oil. It is one of the most underrated shrubs, whether native or non-native. Back to Top Each plant has a corresponding file with Latin name, botanical family, growth habit, vernacular names (English, French, Aboriginal), parts used, and medicinal uses. Medicinal and cultural uses of flowering dogwood. Various species of dogwoods have been used worldwide for a variety of medicinal uses, including as a substitute for quinine in treating fevers. It closely resembles the North American native, flowering dogwood ( Cornus florida) , but is less vulnerable to disease. The fruit is not poisonous, but is almost inedible raw. Questions about your donation? The Jamaican Dogwood also has limited usefulness as a medicinal treatment for migraines and blood pressure conditions. Cornus kousa of Japan and Korea is also often used as a garden tree; the clusters of flowers and the brilliant red leaves in … The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Flowering Dogwood – Not Edible Flowering Dogwood Berries. Toll-free: 1.877.231.3552, Donor inquiries Description: An understory tree 3-9.15m (10-30 ft) tall with flowers in clusters. Dogwood bark was indeed included in one of the earliest and most common replacement for quinine, a compound tincture prepared with 40% willow bark, 30% poplar bark, and 30% dogwood bark soaked in whisky for two weeks. The action of the Dogwood flowers is close to Chamomile for their soothing, tonic, and adaptability to weakened and debilitated conditions of the stomach. Medicinal use of Red Osier Dogwood: Red osier dogwood was widely employed by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and tonic bark, using it both internally and externally to treat diarrhoea, fevers, skin problems etc. Long ago, when Allopathy was not a part of medical science, plants were the major source of medicine used for almost all types of health issues. Twigs chewed for cleaning teeth. Fruit oil from the blood twigged dogwood tree, is used in making soaps. Fall flowering dogwood (Photo by Bernt Solymar), Supported by The W. Garfield Weston Foundation, Nature Conservancy of Canada Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico.An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. 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